Prevention Tools

The Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) was developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) to serve as an operating system for making change in the community. The SPF is composed of five elements that assist coalitions in developing the infrastructure needed for community-based, public health approaches leading to effective and sustainable reductions in alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use and abuse.

The SPF utilizes a five-step planning process to guide the selection, implementation, and evaluation of effective, culturally appropriate, and sustainable prevention activities. The effectiveness of this process begins with a clear understanding of community needs and depends on the involvement of community members in all stages of the planning process.
The SPF includes these five steps:

  • Step 1. Assess Needs
  • Step 2. Build Capacity
  • Step 3. Plan
  • Step 4. Implement
  • Step 5. Evaluation

These steps are guided by the principles of cultural competence and sustainability. Each step contains key milestones and products that are essential to the validity of the process. Focused on systems development, the SPF reflects a public health, or community-based, approach to delivering effective prevention.

From About the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.